Evaluation of the Youth Education Programme in Somalia



UNICEF is the agency of the United Nations mandated to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. Guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child UNICEF strives to establish children’s rights as international standards of behaviour towards children. UNICEF’s role is to mobilise political will and material resources to help countries ensure a “first call for children". UNICEF is committed to ensuring special protection for the most disadvantaged children.

UNICEF carries out its work through its headquarters in New York, 8 regional offices and 125 country offices world-wide. UNICEF also has a research centre in Florence, a supply operation based in Copenhagen and offices in Tokyo and Brussels. UNICEF’s 37 committees raise funds and spread awareness about the organisations mission and work.


The purpose of this RFP is to invite proposals from qualified institutional consultancy firms to conduct an evaluation of the Youth Education Programme (YEP) in Somalia


The schedule of the contractual process is as follows:

Closing date and time for submission of full proposal: 23/11/2015 at 10.00 a.m. Nairobi Time

b) Award Notice: To be determined

c) Signature of contract: To be determined


All requests for formal clarification or queries on this RFP must be submitted in writing via email to somsupply@unicef.org. Please make sure that the e-mail mentions the RFP reference number.

Only written inquiries will be entertained. Please be informed that if the question is of common interest, the answer will be shared with all potential RFP bidders.

Erasures or other corrections in the proposal must be explained and the signature of the applicant shown alongside. All changes to a proposal must be received prior to the closing time and date. It must be clearly indicated that it is a modification and supersedes the earlier proposal, or state the changes from the original proposal. Proposals may be withdrawn on written request received from bidders prior to the opening time and date. Bidders are expected to examine all instructions pertaining to the work. Failure to do so will be at bidder’s own risk and disadvantage.


Full proposals should be submitted in English and must be received not later than 23/11/2015 by 10.30 a.m. Nairobi Time. Proposals received after the stipulated date and time will be invalidated.

The proposals should be submitted as follows:-

· Sealed Envelope 1: Technical proposal only without mention of the budget – the envelope should be clearly marked with “ RFP No….; Name of Company; Technical Proposal”

· Sealed Envelope 2: Financial Proposal - the envelope should be clearly marked with “ RFP No.; Name of Company; Financial Proposal”

· Sealed Envelope 3: Outer envelope containing the individual envelopes for Technical & Financial Proposals – the envelope should be clearly marked with “RFP No……; Company Name”

· Please remember to sign the “Request for Proposal for Services Form” on Page 3 of the RFP document and return together with the proposal.

Note: Proposals not submitted in this manner will be invalidated.

BIDS may be hand-delivered or sent by Courier to:-



P.O. Box 44145-00100


Bidders are requested to provide details (Name/ID No.) of the persons delivering a day in advance by sending an email to somsupply@unicef.org to facilitate clearance to enter the UN complex.

Due to the nature of this RFP, there will be no public opening of proposals and responsible officers will open technical proposals when the specified time has arrived.


1.6.1 Formal submission requirements

The formal submission requirements as outlined in this Request for Proposal must be followed, e.g. regarding form and timing of submission, marking of the envelopes, no price information in the technical proposal, etc.

1.6.2 Mandatory criteria

All mandatory (i.e. must/have to/shall/should/will) criteria mentioned throughout this Request for Proposal have to be addressed and met in your proposal.

All references to descriptive materials should be included in the appropriate response paragraph, though the material/documents themselves may be provided as annexes to the proposal/response.

It is important that you read all of the provisions of the request for proposal, to ensure that you understand UNICEF’s requirements and can submit a proposal in compliance with them. The bidder must also provide sufficient information in the proposal to address each area of the Proposal Evaluation to allow the evaluation team to make a fair assessment of the candidates and their proposal. Note that failure to provide compliant proposals may result in invalidation of your proposal.


Information, which the bidder considers proprietary, should be clearly marked "proprietary", if any, next to the relevant part of the text, and UNICEF will treat such information accordingly.


UNICEF reserves the right to accept any proposal, in whole or in part; or, to reject any or all proposals. UNICEF reserves the right to invalidate any Proposal received from a Bidder who has previously failed to perform properly or complete contracts on time, or a Proposal received from a Bidder who, in the opinion of UNICEF, is not in a position to perform the contract. UNICEF shall not be held responsible for any cost incurred by the Bidder in preparing the response to this Request for Proposal. The Bidder agrees to be bound by the decision of UNICEF as to whether her/his proposal meets the requirements stated in this Request for Proposal. Specifically, UNICEF reserves the right to:

  • contact any or all references supplied by the bidder(s);
  • request additional supporting or supplementary data (from the bidder(s));
  • arrange interviews with the bidder(s);
  • reject any or all proposals submitted;
  • accept any proposals in whole or in part;
  • negotiate with the service provider(s) who has/have attained the best rating/ranking, i.e. the one(s) providing the overall best value proposal(s);
  • contract any number of candidates as required to achieve the overall evaluation objectives.


Proposal must be valid for a minimum of ninety (90) days from the date of opening of this RFP and must be signed by all candidates included in the submission. For proposals from institutions, the proposal must also be signed by an authorised representative of the institution. Bidders are requested to indicate the validity period of their proposal in the Proposal Form. UNICEF may also request for an extension of the validity of the proposal.

1.8.1 Technical Proposal

The technical proposal should address all aspects and criteria outlined in this Request for Proposal, especially in its statement of work, terms of reference and paragraph 1.10 of this Request for Proposal. However, all these requirements represent a wish list from UNICEF. The bidders are free to suggest/ propose any other solution. UNICEF welcomes new ideas and innovative approaches. (NOTE: No price information should be contained in the technical proposal).

1.8.2 Price Proposal

The price proposal should be in line with the TOR, indicating overall/total cost of assignment and itemized budget.


After the RFP opening, each proposal will be assessed first on is technical merits and subsequently on its price. The proposal with the best overall value, composed of technical merit and price, will be recommended for approval. UNICEF will set up an evaluation panel composed of technical UNICEF staff and their conclusions will be forwarded to the internal UNICEF contracts Review Committee.

The evaluation panel will first evaluate each response for compliance with requirement of the RFP. Responses deemed not to meet all of the mandatory requirements will be considered non-compliant and rejected at this stage without further consideration. Failure to comply with any of the terms and conditions contained in this RFP, including provision of all required information may result in a response or proposal being disqualified from further consideration.

Technical Proposal

The technical proposals will be evaluated against specified criteria below. The total amount of points allocated to the technical proposal is 100% and only technical proposals which receive a minimum of 80% points will be considered further.

a) Technical Evaluation Criteria and Relative Points


  1. Overall Response – Maximum Points 20%
  2. completeness of response – 10%
  3. Overall concord between RFP

requirements and proposal – 10%

  1. Institution & Key Personnel – Maximum Points 55%
  2. Range and depth of experience with similar projects – 15%
  3. Number of customers, size of projects, number of staff per project – 10%
  4. Client references – 10%
  5. Key personnel to be assigned: relevant qualifications & experience – 20%
  6. Proposed Methodology and Approach – Maximum Points 25%
  7. Proposed Methodology for this project - 15%
  8. Proposed WorkPlan to accomplish the project – 10%

Total Score for Technical Proposal 100% Minimum acceptable score for technical proposal is 80%

b) Financial Proposal

Bidders should provide a summary and detailed breakdown of budget inclusive of professional fees, admin costs if any, travel costs (these shall be calculated based on economy class travel regardless of length of travel), DSA (these will be paid as per UN rates); etc.

(NOTE: bidders should provide an all-inclusive budget as successful company will be responsible for all project costs including security and insurance for its team members)

The total amount of points allocated for the price component is 30%. The maximum points will be allotted to the lowest price proposal that is opened and compared among those invited firms/institutions which obtain the threshold points in the evaluation of the technical component. All other price proposals will receive points in inverse proportion to the lowest price e.g.

Score for price proposal X = Max. score for price proposal x Price of lowest priced proposal/Price of proposal X

The currency of the proposal shall be in US Dollars. Invoicing will be in the currency of the proposal. The bidder will suggest a payment schedule for the Contract, linked to unambiguous Contract milestones. All prices/rates quoted must be exclusive of all taxes as UNICEF is a tax-exempt organization.

Weights: 70% Technical proposal; 30% Financial proposal


Background and Justification

Somalia: conflict undermines and reverses development

The conflict in Somalia is multi-layered. Conflict over resources, ideological conflict, cultural shifts, regional power conflicts, and weak governance coincide with the long-term effects of weak access to quality basic social services and high levels of unemployment and poverty in the country since the collapse of the state in 1992.

International development assistance in fragile and conflict-affected settings needs to support achieving sustainable results for children and break the cyclical patterns of conflict that lead to massive development reversals in countries such as Somalia.

This has informed UNICEF’s and partners’ commitment to incorporate conflict-sensitive programming and peacebuilding in development and humanitarian programming, including in the education sector. The implementation of the YEP programme is part of this effort.

Education in Somalia

Somalia has one of the world’s lowest enrolment rates for primary school‐aged children – only 42 per cent of children are in school. Of those, only 36 per cent are girls. The number of out‐of‐school and at risk children and youth aged 6‐18 years has been estimated at 4.4 million, out of a total population of 9.2 million.

Appropriate education programmes for Somali adolescents and youth are few. Many young people have never attended primary school and almost all have experienced violence. The 2012 UNDP Human Development Report, found that 21 per cent of young people (age 14‐29) were neither working nor in school.

Literacy rates, especially among young women in the age 15‐24 cohort are particularly low. Linkages between education and child mortality have never been stronger with research indicating that of every extra year of education that young women receive, child mortality decreases by 9.5 per cent.

UNICEF in Somalia – Go-2-School (G2S)

The Go-2-School (2013-15) initiative aims to enroll one million additional children and youth into relevant and appropriate education programmes with a focus on education for resilience.

Through the Go-2-School programme unemployed and vulnerable youth are empowered through access to alternative education programmes and gainful employment.

The Peacebuilding Education and Advocacy Programme (PBEA) in Somalia

The PBEA programme (as part of the Go-2-School programme in Somalia) is an education programme that seeks to contribute to peace by addressing the divers that keep the conflict in Somalia going.

The Somalia conflict analysis was completed by the University of York in February 2014. The analysis gives an overview of the conflict drivers identified in the three main areas of intervention, Central South Somalia, North East Somalia (“Puntland”) and North West Somalia (“Somaliland”). It outlines the education-related challenges and the potential inroads towards addressing them.

This study found a dynamic interaction between three conflict drivers identified:

  1. Marginalization of youth – The population of Somalia is overwhelmingly young. The continuing conflict affects the young population in ways that are further undermining Somalia’s future. The economic, social, political and cultural marginalization of youth has led to a sense of hopelessness increasing the risk that young people revert to strategies such as surrendering to human traffickers or joining militia, contributing to further violence in a context marred by deep structural conflict.
  2. Loss of traditional values and a culture of violence – Throughout the community level consultation it was reported that the loss of traditional values perpetuates the conflict, as traditional ways of governing relations between groups and between individuals (for example regarding the sharing of national resources or systems of mutual assistance) are no longer valid or respected.
  3. Access to / conflict over (natural) resources – This was a recurring theme that feeds national level violent conflict and is in turn exacerbated by ecological stress, the loss of traditional values and the marginalization of youth.

With the PBEA programme, UNICEF designed an intervention to address the conflict drivers identified through education. All the interventions have a focus on social, economic or political inclusion of youth and children, building their capacity and giving them a voice in the construction or celebration of “connectors” in society. The Schools as Zones of Peace pilot helps the Child-to-child (CTC) clubs to engage with conflict issues through artistic expression; the youth-led consultation on the curriculum framework development in all zones builds marketable skills for the youth involved and gives them a visible role in developing education policy. Finally, the implementation of the Youth Education Pack (YEP) with reviewed conflict sensitive learning materials; and the facilitation of the transition from Accelerated Basic Education (ABE) to formal basic education gives young people who missed their entry into education due to conflict or displacement a new chance.

Youth Education Programme (YEP) in NEZ and CSZ

Training and job creation for out of school youth in Somalia responds to important concerns identified in the conflict analysis, notably the marginalization of youth. Marginalized, despaired or disillusioned youth can be a potential risk to peace and social cohesion. At the same time, particularly in the Somali context, youth can be a tremendous asset. Marginalized youth is an easy prey for political instrumentalisation by political competitors (politicians, leaders of armed groups, clan leaders, businessmen,..,) in a context characterized by intense competition for control over natural resources as well as state power and resources.

Supported by the findings in the Conflict Analysis and as highlighted as a priority action within the Go-2-School initiative, PBEA supports youth education / training offering opportunity to read, become numerate, learn valuable life skills and to acquire skills to increase the chances of becoming employed.

Theory of change of YEP Programme Implementation

The YEP intervention aims to increase social cohesion and resilience (improved livelihoods resulting in better capacity to be prepared for shocks, absorb and adapt) by to providing out-of-school youth with relevant, conflict-sensitive non-formal education which increases their ability and chances to gain an independent livelihood.

The theory of change can be summarized as: “If education services are delivered to support youth to gain an independent livelihood, they will not feel socially marginalized or economically despondent and be less vulnerable to recruitment into armed groups or other negative coping and livelihood strategies.”

Justification of the Evaluation

The programme evaluated is part of the global PBEA programme. Global outcome 5 of the PBEA programme focuses on knowledge, evidence and advocacy and is geared towards adequate generation and use of evidence and knowledge in policies and programming on linkages between education, conflict and peace-building. The evaluation report will feed into UNICEF global learning and advocacy strategy.



(1) Accountability and (2) Learning (specifically about the potential of youth non-formal education interventions to contribute to peace-building outcomes)

The questions / lines of inquiry are to be evaluated in relationship to DAC criteria [http://www.oecd.org/development/evaluation/2755284.pdf]

The evaluation will focus on the following lines of enquiry:

  1. Did the intervention increase access to relevant, quality, conflict-sensitive non-formal education as per intended activities and targets specified in the logframe during the intervention? (effectiveness/efficiency)
  2. What are the prospects for sustainability beyond the duration of the intervention? (sustainability)
  3. What happened as a result of the programme? (effectiveness/impact)

a. Did the intervention result in improved social cohesion (positive changes in attitudes towards violence, belonging and inclusion, respect and trust, membership and participation) and

b. resilience (improved livelihoods resulting in better capacity to be prepared for shocks, absorb and adapt).

c. What were the unintended positive/negative results of the programme?

  1. Rationale: does evidence support the theory of change of the intervention in the communities in which the intervention took place: did the intervention have an impact on the targeted conflict driver? (relevance)

a. Would there have been other / better strategies to achieve the desired impact?

b. What are the lessons learned?

The lines of inquiry will be finalized and further elaborated on by the evaluation expert/team in their inception report.



The evaluation will cover YEP implementation in Central South (Mogadishu, Baidoa, Kismaayo and Dolow) and North East Somalia (Bossaso, Garowe, Galcaayo) over the programme implementation period (September 2014- March 2016.)

Stakeholders to be interviewed/engaged with include: MoE, local authorities, YEP Centre management, YEP Centre Community Education Committees / parents of YEP centre learners, YEP centre learners, NRC staff + NRC implementing partner staff, UNICEF staff.

Methodology: mixed qualitative / quantitative

• Desk study: document review and review of existing filmed material

• Review KAP of data (quantitative data available) (baseline and endline)

• Field visits in selected locations (2 in each NEZ and CSZ zone)

• Beneficiary focus group discussions (direct beneficiaries: Learners, parents, Community Education Committee)

• Interviews (UNICEF staff, IP staff, YEP centre management, local authorities, ministry of Education)


The total implementation period for the evaluation is 12 weeks. A tentative fieldwork schedule is outlined in Annex 1.

Users of the evaluation

Primary: UNICEF, NRC (implementing partner), Ministry of Education Puntland State of Somalia, Ministry of Education Somali Federal Government, Government of the Netherlands and other donors.

Secondary: Peace building stakeholders in Somalia / peacebuilding community.

Evaluation general guidelines / principles

The questions / lines of inquiry are to be evaluated in relationship to DAC criteria with emphasis on relevance, effectiveness and sustainability.

The evaluation, in its engagement with children and young people will abide by ethical standards outlined in ERIC (http://childethics.com/) and by overall ethical standards in terms of research activities and interactions in more general terms, including preventing harm or potential danger to interviewees, participants to focus group discussions etc.

The views expressed in the report will represent the professional opinion of the evaluators. UNICEF will ensure that technical quality control is conducted on the final report.


Evaluation team

The lead consultant/firm will hire qualified national (Somali speaking) resource person(s) to be part of the evaluation team and to facilitate high quality qualitative data collection. The bidding companies will have experience in evaluation of (informal) education programmes in fragile / conflict-affected settings and will have a good understanding of peace-building and conflict sensitivity in the education sector.

Steering Committee

The evaluation exercise will be overseen by a steering committee to oversee overall administration and coordination. It will: (1) select the consultancy firm to conduct the evaluation based on technical proposal and pricing (2) review and approve the inception report and the proposed strategy (3) review, comment on and approve the draft report (4) review and approve the final report (5) release and disseminate the report.


  1. Inception Report (work plan including listing of field visits, draft report outline/table of contents), specific information needs, methodology (methods for data collection, sampling framework, data sources, drafts of data collection tools). The inception report has to be approved by the steering committee.

Timeline: By end of week 1

Estimated No. of days: International Consultants 6 days

Local consultants – Nil

  1. Field report North East Zone (locations visited, stakeholders met, activities conducted, data collected, preliminary findings)

Timeline: By end of week 4

Estimated No. of days: International Consultants 11 days

Local Consultants – 9 days

  1. Field report Central South Zone (locations visited, stakeholders met, activities conducted, data collected, preliminary findings)

Timeline: By end of week 7

Estimated No. of days: International Consultants 11 days

Local consultants – 9 days

  1. Draft evaluation report for submission to steering committee.

Timeline: By end of week 9

Estimated No. of days: International Consultants 5 days

Local consultants - Nil

  1. Final report: soft copies in PDF and word, ready for online publication

Timeline: By end of week 11

Estimated No. of days: International Consultants 4 days

Local consultants - Nil

  1. Presentation to UNICEF/implementing partner and MoE officials

Timeline: By end of week 12

Estimated No. of days: International Consultants 3 days

Local consultants - Nil

Desired competencies, technical background and experience:

The bidding companies will have experience in evaluation of (informal) education programmes in fragile / conflict-affected settings and will have a good understanding of peace-building and conflict sensitivity in the education sector. Consultants will be required to conduct field visits to Somalia.


Resources for this evaluation are part of the budget of the PBEA programme in Somalia Country Office.

Progress meetings to be held (through Skype or at UNICEF Nairobi) upon submission of each deliverable from 1-4. Please see also tentative work schedule in attachment.

Focal point at UNICEF is Marleen Renders, PBEA Programme manager; the contracting firm should provide a focal point for day to day communication as well as administrative/financial aspects of the management of this contract.


As per UNICEF DFAM policy, payment is made against approved deliverables. No advance payment is allowed unless in exceptional circumstances against bank guarantee, subject to a maximum of 30 per cent of the total contract value in cases where advance purchases, for example for supplies or travel, may be necessary”.

The team/firm selected will be governed by and subject to UNICEF’s General Terms and Conditions for institutional contracts.

How to apply:

Sealed Hard copy proposals should be hand-delivered or sent by Courier to reach UNICEF at the below address on 23/11/2015 by 10.00 a.m. Nairobi Time. Bids received later than this date will be disqualified:

Supply & Logistics Section

UNICEF Somalia Support Centre

UN Gigiri Complex, Block Q, First Floor

P.O. Box 44145-00100



1. Bidders are requested to provide details i.e. Name/ID No. of person delivering the bids a day before the deadline to facilitate entry into the complex to:somsupply@unicef.org

2. A printed set of the completed technical and cost proposals should be submitted in three separate sealed envelopes. (Individual envelopes for technical and price proposals) clearly marked with RFP No., Name of Company, Technical Proposal and Financial Proposal

3. Interested bidders to request for a full set of this RFP by sending an email to:somsupply@unicef.org. Quote LRPS-EMU-9121629

Before applying, please make sure that you have read the requirements for the position and that you qualify.
Applications from non-qualifying applicants will most likely be discarded by the recruiting manager.
  • Organization: UNICEF - United Nations Children’s Fund
  • Location: Mogadishu
  • Grade: Mid/Senior
  • Occupational Groups:
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Development Cooperation
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Accounting (Audit, Controlling)
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Social studies
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Education and Training
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Youth
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Closing Date: 2015-11-23

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